German Adjectives Overview

This post is also available in: German

What are Adjectives?

Adjectives are “describing words”. They describe persons and things. They give additional information about the noun they refer to. In German grammar the adjectives in front of a noun must be declined. For comparisons we can form a comparative and a superlative form of adjectives.

The lectures in this Chapter explain you everything you have to know about adjectives: Adjective Declension, Comparison of Adjectives, Participles as Adjectives,Adjectives as Nouns and Adjective Formation.

7.01. German Adjectve Declension

German Adjective declension

When adjectives come before a noun, they must be declined. The ending depends on the gender of the nounand what kind of article comes before the adjective.

Example: „Das ist ein schnelles Auto.“

Bonus: Adjectve Declension - Step-by-Step Guide

German Adjective Declension easy

Problems figuring out the correct ending of the German adjectives? Can’t remember when to use which ending? Take a look at my Step by Step Guide. It‘s actually not that hard!

7.02. Comparison with Adjectives

German Comparison with Adjectives

Adjectives take a comparison form when the speaker wants to compare things. There are 3 forms: the normal adjective, the comparative and the superlative form. This lecture explains how to construct these forms and what you have to be aware of in terms of declension and irregularities in these forms.

Example: „Mein Auto ist schneller als dein Auto.

7.03. Participles as Adjectives

German Participles as Adjectives

Adjectives take a comparison form when the speaker wants to compare things. There are 3 forms: the normal adjective, the comparative and the superlative form. This lecture explains how to construct these forms and what you have to be aware of in terms of declension and irregularities in these forms.

Example: „Das gebrauchte Auto ist hier.“

7.04. Adjectives as Nouns

German Adjectves as nouns

Adjectives and participles can also be used as nouns. They then stand for people or abstract objects (things that you can‘t touch). They are really nouns but are declined like adjectives.

Example: „Ein Fremder klingelt an der Tür.

7.05. Adjectives Formation

German Adjective formation

In German, with the help of prefixes and suffixes, we can create many new nouns and adjectives. These additions can change the meaning of the adjectives. Sadly there are too many possibilities to count. In this lecture you can find the most common ones.

Example: essen ⇒ essbar“ = Man kann es essen.


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