These additions can change the meaning of the adjectives.
Sadly there are too many possibilities to count.
The forms I talk about in this lesson are the most common ones. But unfortunately there is no universal rule because there are more than 30 different prefixes and suffixes to create new adjectives.
With the prefixes „in-“, „des-“ and „un-“ we can create an adjective’s opposite:
There is no universal rule determining which prefix to use.
With the ending „-bar“ we can show that it is possible to do something.
The verb ending „en“ goes away.
We use the ending „-isch“ to describe many nationalities.
The original ending goes away
BUT: „der Deutsche“ ⇒ „deutsch“
With the ending „-lich“ we can talk about the frequency or ownership of something (one-syllable words gain an umlaut).
Ownership: „das Haus der Eltern“ ⇒ „das elterliche Haus“ (Seldomly used)
We use the ending „-los“ to talk about the absence of something ⇒ in the sense of the word „without“
Sometimes we have to add an „s“ before the „-los“.
With the ending „-arm“ we can express that there is very little of something.
With the ending „-frei“ we can express that there is NONE of something.
With the ending „-reich“ we can express that there is a lot of something.
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