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German Possessive Articles

What is a Possessive Article?

  • Possessive articles come before the noun.
  • The describe to whom or what something belongs.
  • They show ownership or belonging.

Example:

  • „Das ist Anna. Ihre Katze spielt im Garten.“

Possessive Articles - Forms

The form of the possessive article depends on the person it is referring to:

  • Mein Opa ist 80 Jahre alt. Sein Bruder ist 75 Jahre alt.“
  • „Wie alt ist dein Opa?“

The person of reference (the „owner“) just denotes possession, not the case, gender, ornumber.

The declension comes from the noun that comes after the personal article.

German Possessive Articles

Declension: The Possessive Article

Possessive articles have to be declined like every other article:

Declension is the same for all possessive articles (meinem, deinem, seinem, ihrem, unserem,…).

 NominativeAccusativeDativeGenitive
Masculinemein Mannmeinen Mannmeinem Mannmeines Mannes
Femininemeine Fraumeine Fraumeiner Fraumeiner Frau
Neutermein Kindmein Kindmeinem Kindmeines Kindes
Pluralmeine Elternmeine Elternmeinen Elternmeiner Eltern

Exception:

  • euer Vater ⇒ euren Vater

If you add an ending to “euer” you have to drop the “e” in the middle.

Analysis of the Example

The person of reference is Anna.

Possessive: 3. Person feminine ⇒ ihr

„Katze“ is the noun that the article belongs to.

Number: Singular (only one cat)

Gender: feminine (die Katze)

Case: Nominative

Nominative + Singular + feminine = ihre

More Examples

A: „Das ist Jens. Sein Auto steht vor unserem Haus.“

B: „Ist Jens dein Freund?“

A: „Ja, Jens ist mein Freund. Er holt mich ab.“

B: „Na dann viel Spaß bei eurem Ausflug.“

A: „Danke, werden wir haben!“

Further Information:

 


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