German Grammar | Chapter 1: Nouns

What is a noun?

  • A noun is a word that describes a specific thing, set of things, or creature (the man, the dog, the lamp, the computer, the weather, the light,…).
  • For almost every noun there is a corresponding article.

Available German Grammar Lessons:

Nouns: 1.01. Gender - der, die or das?

der, die or das

The German language has three different articles: masculine (der), feminine (die) and neutral (das).

Example: "der Mann", "die Frau", "das Kind"

Nouns: 1.01.1 The Article Secret

The article secret

Too many rules for you? There is a simple trick you can use that will alow you to guess 75 % of all articles correctly without dictionary.

Nouns: 1.02. The Plural

the plural

Nouns in plural can have the following endings: “e”, “en”, “er”, “s”, or “r”, or even no ending at all. There is no universal rule that works in all cases.

Example: "der Ball" - "die Bälle"

Nouns: 1.03. The German Cases

the cases

German has 4 Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Dative and Genitive.

The case explains which function the noun has and how the noun relates to the other words in the sentence. According to the case we have to decline (change the endings, articles, adjectives, nouns, and pronouns).

Nouns: 1.04. N-Declension


Some masculine nouns get an extra “n” or “en” at the end. But just in accusative, dative and genitive.

It´s called N-Declension.

Example: "Ich gebe dem Architekten ein Buch."

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