What does the man have? – Ein Pferd!
The accusative case is always used after the verb „haben“. The noun in the accusative case is also the direct object.
What does the boy give to a friend? – Die Blumen!
„Die Blumen“ is the direct object, which is acted upon!
The article must match the case:
|Masculine||den Mann||Masculine||einen Mann|
|Feminine||die Frau||Feminine||eine Frau|
|Neuter||das Kind||Neuter||ein Kind|
|Plural||die Eltern||Plural||- Eltern|
In sentences with only one object, the object uses the accusative case unless the verb or preposition specifically requires the use of the nominative, genitive, or dative case.
(The flowers are acted upon, but they don’t do anything on their own and don´t receive anything ⇒ direct object)
(The car is acted upon, but it doesn’t do anything on its own and it doesn´t receive anything ⇒ direct object)
In sentences that have just the subject and a single object, the nouns use the accusative case, except when the preposition or the verb requires nominative, dative or genitive.
The verbs require the accusative case. (More about that in unit: Verbs with Complements) That´s not that hard because at the same time it´s the direct object. It is acted upon; it doesn’t do anything on its own and doesn’t receive anything.
⇒ direct object ⇒ Accusative Case
The prepositions „um“, „durch“, „ohne“, „bis“, „für“ and „gegen“ ALWAYS use the accusative case
The prepositions don´t care if it´s a direct or indirect object. It also doesn’t matter which case the verb requires. If you have a preposition in front of a noun, the preposition determine the case. ALWAYS! (More about that in Chapter 6: Prepositions)
Memorize: If you have a preposition in front of a noun, none of the other rules apply anymore. Only the rule of the preposition is still valid. Direct or indirect object doesn´t matter, the same with verbs that require a special case! The preposition shows you the case, ALWAYS!
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