Who does the car belong to? – Dem Mann!
The verb „gehören“ always requires the dative case
To whom does the boy give the flowers? – Einer Freundin!
„Freundin“ is the indirect object. She receives the flowers!
The article must match the case:
|Masculine||dem Mann||Masculine||einem Mann|
|Feminine||der Frau||Feminine||einer Frau|
|Neuter||dem Kind||Neuter||einem Kind|
|Plural||den Eltern||Plural||- Eltern|
When the plural form doesn‘t end in „s“ or „n“, the plural form in dative requires an extra „n“.
After certain verbs (= Verbs with dative complements), the dative is always used. For example, „helfen“, „gehören“, „zuhören“.
These verbs require dative case. The object is still the “direct object” but the verb works only with the dative. ⇒ dative case because the verb wants it like that.
More information about verbs that require dative: Verbs with dative complements.
In sentences with more than one object, the indirect object is always in the dative case, unless the preposition requires the genitive or accusative case to be used.
Tip: The noun in the dative case is usually the person who receives the thing that is in the accusative case.
The acting person(„er“ he ⇒ Subject ⇒ nominative case) „er“ gives something. („die Schlüssel“ the keys ⇒ direct object ⇒ accusative case) to a receiver. („Der Mann“ the man gets something. ⇒ indirect object ⇒ dative case)
More information about the indirect object in lecture: 4.13.4 Verbs with dative and accusative complement.
The prepositions „aus“, „bei“, „gegenüber“, „mit“, „nach“, „seit“, „von“ and „zu“ are always followed by a noun in the dative case.
Info: Like in the accusative case: if there is a preposition the rule of the preposition applies, no matter which case the verb requires without a preposition. (More about that: Verbs with complements). They will use their own case. ALWAYS! (More about that in Chapter 6: Prepositions)
Remember: If you have a preposition in front of a noun, none of the other rules apply anymore. Only the rule of the preposition remains valid.
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