Good news first:
In plural you don´t have to decide between masculine, feminine, or neuter anymore: it´s always feminine.
There are different plural endings: “n/en”, “r/er”, “e” and “s”. There is even the possibility that the noun doesn´t change at all; you just have to change the article. And again: there is no universal rule that works in all cases.
It is best to write the plural form together with the noun on another line in your vocabulary list.
Masculine nouns that end in „ent“, „ant“, „and“, „or“, „ist“:
Feminine nouns that end in „in“, „ion“, „ik“, „ung“, „tät“, „schaft“, „keit“, „heit“:
99% of all nouns that end in „e“:
Warning! For nouns that end in „in“, the „n“ is doubled
Example: „die Kellnerin“ – „die Kellnerinnen“
Many masculine and neuter nouns:
Many one-syllable feminine nouns:
Warning! For feminine nouns with a, o, u, always add an umlaut (ä, ö, ü).
For masculine nouns, usually add an umlaut (but not always).
Many neuter, one-syllable nouns:
In plural, an umlaut is usually added.
Warning! Feminine nouns NEVER have the ending „r“/“er“ for the plural form.
All nouns that end in a, i, o, u oder y:
Many foreign words:
If we don´t add an ending a, o and u usually require an umlaut
masculine und neuter words with the endings “-el”, “-er” and “en”
Warning! Feminine nouns ending with “-el” form their plural with “n”.
Example: Die Kartoffel – die Kartoffeln
Words taken from English usually end in „s“ in the plural form.
Words taken from Latin or Greek often have a special form:
Some words can‘t have a plural form. They have a singular form only:
Some words can‘t have a singular form. They have a plural form only:
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