German grammar has two different types of passive voice. The process and the status passive voice. This lecture is about the status passive, its construction, construction, word order, and meaning itself. More information about the process passive can be found in lecture 4.12.1 Process Passive.
In process passive it´s all about the action. About what is happening. In status passive the action is already finished. It focuses on the condition after an action
That´s why only verbs that lead to an condition can use status passive. Who is acting doesn´t matter.
During the action, the woman was injured.
⇒ Her current condition: she is injured.
⇒ Who hit the woman with the car doesn´t matter or is unknown.
The status passive is constructed from two parts:
sein + past participle
The status passive with modal verbs is constructed from three parts
modal verb + past participle + sein
The modal verb is conjugated and „sein“ goes after the past participle at the end of the sentence.
It is impossible to form status passive in other tenses.
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