In German, there are two differents tenses in the past: The simple past tense and the perfect tense.
Perfect tense is used for completed actions in the past (Normally the results or the effects of the action are emphasized)
It is the German Version of the English „Perfect – tense“ BUT:
That is possible because there is no difference in meaning between the German perfect tense and simple past.
The perfect tense is made with „haben“ or „sein“ as a helping verb and the past participle:
|Person||Auxiliary Verb||Past Participle||Auxiliary Verb||Past Participle|
There must be movement from point A to point B.
= A change from being alive to being dead
= A change from awake to asleep
For all verbs that do not use “sein”
And for ALL reflexive verbs also if they involve a condition, status, or location change
The helping verb is conjugated. The past participle goes at the end of the sentence and remains unchanged.
Regular Main Clause:
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